During a creative phase deeply marked by naturalism, Raphael Bordallo Pinheiro put forth a wide variety of ceramic items portraying fish and shellfish.
Also a lover of good food, he frequently got together with friends for gourmet dinners at the Leão de Ouro brasserie and the Grupo dos Macavencos, at Palácio Foz, in Lisbon, or when he was in Caldas da Rainha and visited Francisco Grandela at his home in Foz do Arelho, surrounded by a beautiful marine scenery.
Sardines, eels, crabs, edible crabs, bivalves, lobsters and a huge collection of other fish and shellfish “invaded” panniers, giant plates, baskets, pots and vases, decorated with nets and fishing floats, creating a richly sculptural and theatrical fishing setting, painted with incredibly accurate colours.
Codfish lives in the icy waters of the North Atlantic
and the Arctic.
For centuries, these waters were sailed mostly by Portuguese fishing boats, which
came back home carrying tons of cod already cleaned and salted.
Codfish is large and can reach
an average of 1,2 meters in length and 40 kilos in weight.
The species is very voracious, devouring everything that moves around them.
Its diet is extremely varied, including marine organisms such
as fish, squid, crustaceans and other molluscs.
It lives in large shoals, sometimes formed by thousands
The clam is a bivalve that includes many species.
It has a shell that can vary from light gray to dark brown or display cream, brown or greyish hues, with striations and well-marked lines,
presenting a characteristic lattice pattern.
This mollusc lives on the sea bottom, near the coast, or
on riverbeds and lagoons, buried in sand or mud.
It feeds through filtration, with a diet of microalgae
carried by currents, captured through a tubelike structure or siphon.
It reproduces in summer.
The jack mackerel is quite common in the Atlantic
Ocean and throughout the Mediterranean.
This species is normally found in big shoals all along the Portuguese coast, at moderate depths, feeding on small crustaceans, fish and molluscs.
The jack mackerel undertakes considerable migrations
and reproduces between December and April.
Crabs are crustaceans that can also survive out of water.
Their flat bodies are covered by a hard shell that provides protection.
They have long, thin legs that allow them to walk under water,
swim and dig.
The claws, used to attack and to catch prey, are their first pair of legs.
The antennae have several functions, including as sensory organs, allowing them to find food.
The protruding eyes can retreat inside the shell for added security.
The crab is a nocturnal animal, which usually spends the day hidden between rocks and coral.
The horse mackerel has an elongated, gray body with blue hues on the back and silver shades on the belly and sides.
It lives in the northeast Atlantic, the Madeira Archipelago and the Mediterranean
Sea, where it can be found from the surface
to the bottom of the sea, in coastal areas between
100 to 200 meters deep.
It forms large shoals that
undertake substantive migrations, feeding on
small fish, crustaceans and molluscs. It reproduces
from December to April.
Other names for the
horse mackerel include scad, saurel and European
The sea bass has an elongated silvery gray body with blue hues.
It dwells in the northeast Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea, where young sea bass
can be found in shoals near estuaries, due to this
species easy adaptation to low-salinity waters.
Adult sea bass dwell in waters up to 100 meters deep, living a more solitary life.
This species feeds on fish, crustaceans and molluscs.
It reproduces from January to April.
The tub gurnard is a species that reproduces on Portuguese shores at considerable depths.
It feeds on small molluscs, rustaceans and some fish species.
It is orange-red in colour, with ridges and
bony plaques on the head and along the back.
The pectoral fins are very large, resembling wings.
The tub gurnard prefers cold, deep waters, where
it normally lives, weighing at most between eight
and 10 kilos.
The edible crab has a robust shell, wider than it is long, with a reddish-brown colour and two strong claws with black tips.
It is found in the northeast
Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea, where it dwells in shallower waters for the first six months of its life.
It then moves to deeper areas, up to 100 meters, including in lagoons and estuaries.
The edible crab feeds essentially on crustaceans
and bivalves, which it captures and kills by squeezing them with its claws.
It reproduces during spring and summer, after females shed their shells.
Female edible crabs carry up to 3 million eggs in their abdomen for six months, during
which time they remains hidden under rocks or buried in holes they dig.
The striped red mullet is a small reddish fish.
It can be found in the northeast Atlantic and
the Mediterranean, where it dwells at the bottom
of the sea, up to 100 meters deep.
This species forms shoals and feeds on crustaceans, small
molluscs and fish.
It reproduces from late winter
to early summer. Juvenile striped red mullets
live closer to the surface, only moving to deeper
waters once they’ve matured into adulthood.
Their two chin barbels contain chemosensory organs
and are used to probe the sand for food.
Juvenile red porgy are usually found in shallow, sheltered areas, alter migrating to deeper waters.
Adult red porgy mainly live between 50 and 150
Fish of this species can however be found up to 250 meters deep.
Red porgy gather in schools and the largest fish can weigh up to eight kilos.
These specimens are only found far from the shore, in deeper waters.
Pouting fish live in the northeast Atlantic, from
the south of Norway to Morocco, and in the Mediterranean
Sea, in rocky or sandy areas, forming small schools.
Juvenile pouting fish live closer to
the shoreline and can enter estuaries. In spring,
to reproduce, adults move closer to coastal areas.
Pouting fish feed on crustaceans, molluscs and
small fish and can grow to a maximum length
of 45 centimetres.