Rio de Janeiro, 1948. Reporter and editor of newspapers and broadcast journalism from 1968 to 1972. From then on, he became a cartoonist, with cartoons published in: Opinião, Pasquim, O Globo, Jornal do Brasil, O Estado de S. Paulo, Veja etc. (Brazil), O Jornal (Portugal), Vorwaerts and Frankfurter Allgemeine (Germany), Libération and Magazine Littéraire (France), Tages-Anzeiger
(Switzerland), and El País (Spain).