Copies of the vast legacy of Raphael Bordallo Pinheiro and his son, Manuel Gustavo Bordallo Pinheiro, until 1920, currently produced by the hands of the Factory’s craftsmen, using centuries-old techniques.
Paulo e Virgínia is a replica, on a smaller scale, of the pair of giant frogs created by Raphael Bordallo Pinheiro in 1889 and intended to decorate lakes and gardens.
Tradition says that in the factory, Bordallo named these two characters Paulo and Virgínia, inspired by the novel Paul et Virginie, by Bernardin de Saint-Pierre, written in 1787. This sculptural group decorated the D. Carlos I Park, in Caldas da Rainha, from 1914 to 1920, as can be seen in postcards of the time, and was present in the Portuguese Pavilion of the 1889 Universal Exhibition of Paris.
The frog couple was exhibited by Raphael as one of the main pieces of his exhibition in Rio de Janeiro in 1899, as he presented his majestic Beethoven Jar in Brazil.
The sea bass has an elongated silvery gray body with blue hues.
It dwells in the northeast Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea, where young sea bass
can be found in shoals near estuaries, due to this
species easy adaptation to low-salinity waters.
Adult sea bass dwell in waters up to 100 meters deep, living a more solitary life.
This species feeds on fish, crustaceans and molluscs.
It reproduces from January to April.
The striped red mullet is a small reddish fish.
It can be found in the northeast Atlantic and
the Mediterranean, where it dwells at the bottom
of the sea, up to 100 meters deep.
This species forms shoals and feeds on crustaceans, small
molluscs and fish.
It reproduces from late winter
to early summer. Juvenile striped red mullets
live closer to the surface, only moving to deeper
waters once they’ve matured into adulthood.
Their two chin barbels contain chemosensory organs
and are used to probe the sand for food.
The blackspot seabream has reddish hues and a black spot on the head.
The inside of its mouth is peculiarly orange-red.
It is found in the northeast
Atlantic, where adults dwell close to the sea bottom, up to 700 meters deep.
Young blackspot seabream live in schools closer to costal zones.
It feeds on small fish, crustaceans and molluscs.
The species reproduces during summer and fall.
The edible crab has a robust shell, wider than it is long, with a reddish-brown colour and two strong claws with black tips.
It is found in the northeast
Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea, where it dwells in shallower waters for the first six months of its life.
It then moves to deeper areas, up to 100 meters, including in lagoons and estuaries.
The edible crab feeds essentially on crustaceans
and bivalves, which it captures and kills by squeezing them with its claws.
It reproduces during spring and summer, after females shed their shells.
Female edible crabs carry up to 3 million eggs in their abdomen for six months, during
which time they remains hidden under rocks or buried in holes they dig.
The leaf barnacle occurs on rocky coasts in the intertidal zone, although it can also be found on deeper areas.
It tends to occur in closely associated groups, forming clumps tightly attached to the
This is their defence against stormy seas.
Interestingly, the leaf barnacle develops faster
where the sea is wilder.
These crustaceans are resilient
heroes, permanently exposed to the pounding of the waves at the foot of the cliffs.
However, as they have little mobility, they are sometimes
swept away by ocean currents.
The cockle is a filtering bivalve mollusc that lives
buried at a depth of about 5 centimetres in sand or
mud, where it feeds by filtering the phytoplankton
from the water.
When threatened, it can quickly
burrow deeper by the retraction of the foot that keeps it anchored, which manoeuvre sometimes sallows cockles to escape predators.
Cockles are very common and up to 10,000 animals per square meter can be found.
Because of its high tolerance to low salinity environments, it is also frequently found in estuaries.
Crabs are crustaceans that can also survive out of water.
Their flat bodies are covered by a hard shell that provides protection.
They have long, thin legs that allow them to walk under water,
swim and dig.
The claws, used to attack and to catch prey, are their first pair of legs.
The antennae have several functions, including as sensory organs, allowing them to find food.
The protruding eyes can retreat inside the shell for added security.
The crab is a nocturnal animal, which usually spends the day hidden between rocks and coral.
The spider crab has a rounded convex reddish or yellowish brown carapace with numerous small spines.
It is often covered with algae and anemones, enabling it to blend with the surroundings.
It is found in the northeast Atlantic, in the Archipelago
of the Azores and the Mediterranean Sea, dwelling in sandy and rocky bottoms, in waters 10 to 150 meters deep.
It feeds on what it can find
at the bottom, including algae and small bivalves.
It reproduces from May to July. Female spider crabs mate after moulting, becoming more vulnerable to predators, which is why males of the species form a protective barrier around them.
Juvenile red porgy are usually found in shallow, sheltered areas, alter migrating to deeper waters.
Adult red porgy mainly live between 50 and 150
Fish of this species can however be found up to 250 meters deep.
Red porgy gather in schools and the largest fish can weigh up to eight kilos.
These specimens are only found far from the shore, in deeper waters.
The horse mackerel has an elongated, gray body with blue hues on the back and silver shades on the belly and sides.
It lives in the northeast Atlantic, the Madeira Archipelago and the Mediterranean
Sea, where it can be found from the surface
to the bottom of the sea, in coastal areas between
100 to 200 meters deep.
It forms large shoals that
undertake substantive migrations, feeding on
small fish, crustaceans and molluscs. It reproduces
from December to April.
Other names for the
horse mackerel include scad, saurel and European
The jack mackerel is quite common in the Atlantic
Ocean and throughout the Mediterranean.
This species is normally found in big shoals all along the Portuguese coast, at moderate depths, feeding on small crustaceans, fish and molluscs.
The jack mackerel undertakes considerable migrations
and reproduces between December and April.